Cross-stacked super-aligned carbon nanotube membranes

An innovative strategy for efficient wastewater treatment—— cross-stacked super-aligned carbon nanotube membrane
Graphical summary. Credit score: Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering (2022). DOI: 10.1007/s11783-023-1630-3

Membrane separation know-how has been widely known as a extra advantageous know-how owing to its excessive therapy effectivity, low footprint, dependable effluent high quality. Nonetheless, its additional sustainable development has been hampered resulting from membrane fouling. Though nice efforts have been made within the latest many years to enhance the antifouling efficiency through varied modification methods, however the obtained membranes generally possess extra sophisticated floor chemistry, which is unfavorable for membrane fouling management.

The polarity of molecules basically determines their molecular interplay conduct. Nonpolar membranes could exhibit benefits in antifouling as a result of the is near zero, which isn’t conducive to the deposition of pollution on the membrane floor. Nonetheless, such a basic interplay mechanism isn’t thought-about within the earlier membrane fabrication and modification research.

Additionally, nonpolar supplies haven’t been sufficiently involved in earlier membrane preparation research. Though had been more and more employed for membrane fabrication, the potential useful results of its nonpolar function had been barely investigated. A couple of research developed vertically aligned CNT membranes, however they aren’t appropriate for micro-/ultra-filtration processes resulting from restricted pore dimension and porosity.

To handle these boundaries, researchers from Beijing Forestry College and Tsinghua College ready a nonpolar super-aligned CNT (SACNT) membrane with a layer-by-layer cross-tacking technique. Their research reveals that SACNT membrane floor chemistry is easy and inert, probably eliminating covalent bonding induced membrane fouling.

Moreover, in contrast with the business membranes, the SACNT membranes obtained a considerably increased selectivity whereas reaching a comparable or increased permeability This research entitled “Nonpolar cross-stacked super-aligned carbon nanotube membrane for environment friendly wastewater therapy” is printed on-line in Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering in 2023.

On this research, the analysis workforce discovered that the floor chemistry of the SACNT membranes is easy and inert, thereby probably eliminating the -induced membrane fouling. Moreover, the SACNT membranes exhibited a typical nonpolar wetting conduct, with excessive contact angles for polar liquids (water: ~124.9°–126.5°; formamide: ~80.0°–83.9°) however low contact angles for nonpolar diiodomethane (~18.8°–20.9°). Their analysis achieved a smoother and extra uniform construction with increased permeability than business membranes. The SACNT membrane in municipal wastewater therapy cleansing effectivity elevated by 2.3 occasions, oil/water separation effectivity reached 99.2%.

This research efficiently proposed a novel nonpolar SACNT membrane by utilizing a layer-by-layer cross-stacking technique utilizing the nonpolar carbon nanotubes because the uncooked materials. This work not solely supplies a brand new resolution to the issue of membrane air pollution in separation know-how, but in addition improves the effectivity of municipal sewage therapy and waste water restoration, which has a broad utility prospect in varied fields.

Extra info:
Shuang Zhang et al, Nonpolar cross-stacked super-aligned carbon nanotube membrane for environment friendly wastewater therapy, Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering (2022). DOI: 10.1007/s11783-023-1630-3

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An revolutionary technique for environment friendly wastewater therapy: Cross-stacked super-aligned carbon nanotube membranes (2023, April 27)
retrieved 29 April 2023

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